Gum Diseases in Highland

Periodontal Disease

Picture of the signs and various levels of gum disease, which is also known as periodontal disease or gingivitis.

When you’re looking for cosmetic dentistry or restorative dentistry treatment in Schererville, we encourage you to stop by the practice of Michael A Gordon DDS for your dental needs. As your Schererville dentist and dental team, we’re proud to offer a comprehensive selection of dental treatments with the goal of helping you have a healthier smile. One of the ways that we can improve our patients’ oral health is through our periodontal therapy, which can help those who are suffering from periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a common, but serious, gum infection that can damage the gums and the jawbone. Periodontal disease comes in several different forms, including the following:


Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum tissue. The major causes of the inflammation is dental plaque, composed of residual food debris and bacteria. If this plaque is not removed the gingivitis will progress to periodontal disease. The following are risk factors for gingivitis:

  • Pregnancy
  • Taking birth control pills
  • Steroid use
  • People with diabetes
  • People who are on certain medications

Chronic Periodontal Disease

This is the most common form of the disease. Chronic periodontal disease is noted by inflammation of the gum tissue and destruction of the bone supporting the teeth. With this disease, as the bone is destroyed, the teeth will look longer and there will be spaces between the teeth. Eventually, if left untreated, the teeth will become loose and fall out.

Aggressive Periodontitis

This form of the disease is noted by the rapid loss of gum attachment and bone tissue. People with a family history of this type of disease have a higher risk of developing aggressive periodontitis. The amount of bacteria present is inconsistent with the severity of the disease. This tends to affect people who are younger and otherwise healthy.

Periodontal Disease Relating to Systemic Conditions

Periodontal disease can be associated with other diseases. Originally, it was thought that the bacteria was the link connecting the diseases. However, more recent research suggest that it is the inflammation that is the link. While there are many different diseases that can cause this, heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are the most common co-factors. Even if there’s only a little plaque that’s coating the teeth, some medical conditions can intensify and accelerate gingivitis or periodontal disease’s progression.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

A periodontal condition where the tissue dies (tissue death is called necrosis).Tissue death can affect the gingival tissues, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. This disease quickly worsens and is more prevalent among those who:

  • Have HIV
  • Have immunosuppression
  • Are malnourished
  • Are chronically stressed

A great source for more information is the American Academy of Periodontology under patient resources. (

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If you’re looking for cosmetic dentistry in Schererville, we urge you to give us a call at (219) 322-1929 to schedule an appointment with us. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact us online or by phone. We’re looking forward to helping you attain the highest level of oral health!

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